Type: Article; Author(s): Gerald Dworkin; Date: ; Volume: 56; Issue: 1; Page start: 64; Page end: 84; Check for local electronic subscriptions; Web address. The Monist. Volume 56, Issue 1, January Philosophy and Public Policy. Gerald Dworkin. Pages DOI: /monist Paternalism. New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care. Springer Gerald Dworkin – – The Monist 56 (1) Against Dworkin’s Endorsement Constraint.

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Faden and beauchamp2 made me aware of ideas that were crystallized by dworkins suggestion that paternalism is the interference with a persons liberty of action. Let us call nudges which are transparent in this sense narrow nudges. It is irrational to make the decision differently depending on how it is worded.

If you monisg registered with a username please use that to sign in. Coercive Paternalism and Back-Door Perfectionism. Consider the cafeteria example.

Some argue that taking advantage of our non-rational tendencies, even for good ends, is objectionable. He may, for example, be unaware of what is being done to him. They build their position on the liberal presumption that individuals should be free to make their own decisions and act on them, as long as they dont endanger others.

The Social Monsit of Carbon: In almost every case, respondents on the left of the political spectrum supported nudges when they were illustrated with a liberal agenda but opposed them when they were illustrated with a conservative one; meanwhile, respondents on the political right exhibited the opposite pattern.


Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and moinst site. The problem is that manipulation seems a very amorphous and ill-understood concept. University of Minnesota Press. Sign In Forgot password? Komrad – – Journal of Medical Ethics 9 1: The sole end for which mankind is warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of. Kantian views are frequently absolutistic in their objections to paternalism.

Defining Paternalism

One might adopt one analysis in the context of doctors and patients and another in the context thr whether the state should ban dworin foods.

On this view if there are cases of justified paternalism they are justified on the basis that we all of us would agree to such interference, given suitable knowledge and suitable motivation.

If we think of cases of rational persuasion, then in the ideal case, we would find that the agent chooses because she believes she been given reasons, these reasons support her choice, and she acts because of those reasons. If it is a child then the assumption is that, other things being equal, the burden of proof is on those who resist paternalism.

Antipaternalism and John Stuart Mill. So one might prevent people from taking mind-destroying drugs on the grounds that allowing them to do so destroys their autonomy and preventing them from doing so preserves it.

Teh should we think about individual autonomy and its limits? Does it have to disclose they believe it may do so because people have a tendency to conform to what their neighbors are doing? International paternalism and humanitarian governance.

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Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. The humanity in us is our capacities for free will and rationality, and. Suppose we presented an opt-out set up and said 1 we are doing this to increase participation in the retirement program, and 2 if this is effective it is because people have a tendency to stick with the status-quo. Doctors do not tell their patients the truth about their medical condition.

A physician may tell the wife of a man whose car went off a bridge into the water and drowned that he died instantly when in fact he died a rather ghastly death. A philosophy department may require a student to take logic courses. Nudging uses the clever tricks of modern psychology and economics to manipulate people.

Volume 56 Issue 1 | The Monist | Oxford Academic

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: The government could announce in advance that they are going to use subliminal messages on television programs to promote health. A similar type of justification is known as means paternalismthat is, the idea that the state should impose the correct means on monit for the ends they themselves accept.

He is distinguished professor of philosophy emeritus at the university of california, davis.